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"Advantech EKI-6340 - Command Injection"

Author

Exploit author

"Core Security"

Platform

Exploit platform

cgi

Release date

Exploit published date

2014-11-24

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Core Security - Corelabs Advisory
http://corelabs.coresecurity.com/

Advantech EKI-6340 Command Injection


1. *Advisory Information*

Title: Advantech EKI-6340 Command Injection
Advisory ID: CORE-2014-0009
Advisory URL:
http://www.coresecurity.com/advisories/advantech-eki-6340-command-injection
Date published: 2014-11-19
Date of last update: 2014-11-19
Vendors contacted: Advantech
Release mode: User release


2. *Vulnerability Information*

Class: OS Command Injection [CWE-78]
Impact: Code execution
Remotely Exploitable: Yes
Locally Exploitable: No
CVE Name: CVE-2014-8387


3. *Vulnerability Description*


    The Advantech EKI-6340 [1] series are wireless Mesh AP for outdoor
deployment. With self-healing and self-forming capabilities, the
wireless network is free from interruption even part of Mesh nodes
failed. It's especially critical to infrastructures where wired
solutions are hard to deploy. This Mesh network covers growing rich data
demands such as video security, surveillance and entertainment.

    Advantech EKI-6340 series is vulnerable to a OS Command Injection,
which can be exploited by remote attackers to execute arbitrary code and
commands, by using a non privileged user against a vulnerable CGI file.


4. *Vulnerable packages*


   . Advantech EKI-6340 V2.05
   . Other versions may probably be affected too, but they were not checked.


5. *Vendor Information, Solutions and Workarounds*


    Considering that the vendor is not going to fix or update this
device the following recommendations should be taken into consideration
in case of using a vulnerable device:

        - Change the 'guest' user password (or delete the user in case
is not used)
        - Edit the fshttpd.conf and remove the line
'guest_allow=/cgi/ping.cgi'.
        - Check that the 'admin' user doesn't has the default password
as well.
    

6. *Credits*


    This vulnerability was discovered and researched by Facundo Pantaleo
and Flavio Cangini from Core Security Engineering Team. The publication
of this advisory was coordinated by Joaquín Rodríguez Varela from Core
Advisories Team.
    

7. *Technical Description / Proof of Concept Code*


    This vulnerability is caused by an incorrect sanitization of the
input parameters of the file "ping.cgi" that is a symbolic link of
"utility.cgi".
It allows to concatenate commands after the IP direction parameter,
therefore enabling a user to inject OS commands. The "call_ping"
function inside the file "/usr/webui/webroot/cgi/utility.cgi" is where
the vulnerability lays.
    
    The CGI file requieres authentication, but the "admin" user is not
the only one allowed to execute it. Based on the webservers default
configuration file, the "guest" has permissons over it as well. This
user is rarely disbled and its password tends to remain unchanged. This
default credentials are username "user" and password "user" as well.
Below is an example of the webserver (based on Mongoose webserver [2])
default configuration file "fshttpd.conf":
    

/-----
 
    listening_ports=80,443s
    user_admin=admin
    pass_admin=admin
    user_guest=user
    pass_guest=user
    document_root=/usr/webui/webroot
    authorize_uri=/authorize
    unauthorize_uri=/unauthorize
    login_uri=/login.html
    logout_uri=/logout.html
    login_fail_uri=/err/login_fail.html
    sessions_full_uri=/err/nosessions.html
    no_redirect_uri=/cgi/fwupstatus.cgi
    guest_allow=/admin/FWUPStatus.html
    guest_allow=/status/*
    guest_allow=/utility/Ping.html
    guest_allow=/utility/RssiCalc.html
    guest_allow=/utility/FresnelZone.html
    guest_allow=/cgi/ping.cgi
    guest_allow=/cgi/status_query.cgi
    guest_allow=/cgi/nodeinfo_query_MAC.cgi
    guest_allow=/cgi/nodeinfo_query.cgi
    guest_allow=/cgi/nodeinfo_query_AP.cgi
    guest_allow=/cgi/fwupstatus.cgi
    nologin_allow=/
    nologin_allow=/index.*
    nologin_allow=/css/*
    nologin_allow=/template/*
    nologin_allow=/images/*
    nologin_allow=/images/dhtmlxcalendar_dhx_skyblue/*
    nologin_allow=/js/*
    nologin_allow=/favicon.ico
    nologin_allow=/err/*

-----/


7.1. *Proof of Concept*


/-----
 
      
   
http://localhost:80/cgi/ping.cgi?pinghost=127.0.0.1;sleep%2010&pingsize=3
     
    When requested for credentials use the following:
     
    User: user
    Password: user
      
    
-----/


8. *Report Timeline*

. 2014-10-01:

    Initial notification sent to ICS-CERT informing of the vulnerability
and requesting the vendor's contact information.
      
. 2014-10-01:

    ICS-CERT informs that they will ask the vendor if they want to
coordinate directly with us or if they prefer to have ICS-CERT mediate.
They request the vulnerability report.
      
. 2014-10-01:

    ICS-CERT informs that the vendor answered that they would like the
ICS-CERT to mediate the coordination of the advisory. They requested
again the vulnerability report.
      
. 2014-10-01:

    We send the vulnerability detail, including technical description
and a PoC.
 
. 2014-10-09:

    We request a status update on the reported vulnerability.
      
. 2014-10-20:

    ICS-CERT informs that the vendor plans to discontinue EKI-6340 early
next year and therefore they will not fix it.
      
. 2014-11-13:

    We inform them that we will publish this advisory as user release on
Wednesday 19th of November.
      
. 2014-11-19:

    Advisory CORE-2014-0009 published.


9. *References*

[1]
http://www.advantech.com.tw/products/56bfcf50-1ada-4ac6-aaf5-4e726ebad002/EKI-6340/mod_04f43dee-f991-44f1-aa1b-bbb1b30f2a72.aspx.
    
[2] https://code.google.com/p/mongoose/.
    

10. *About CoreLabs*

    CoreLabs, the research center of Core Security, is charged with
anticipating the future needs and requirements for information security
technologies. We conduct our research in several important areas of
computer security including system vulnerabilities, cyber attack
planning and simulation, source code auditing, and cryptography. Our
results include problem formalization, identification of
vulnerabilities, novel solutions and prototypes for new technologies.
CoreLabs regularly publishes security advisories, technical papers,
project information and shared software tools for public use at:
http://corelabs.coresecurity.com.
    

11. *About Core Security*


    Core Security enables organizations to get ahead of threats with
security test and measurement solutions that continuously identify
and demonstrate real-world exposures to their most critical assets. Our
customers can gain real visibility into their security standing, real
validation of their security controls, and real metrics to more
effectively secure their organizations.
    
    Core Security's software solutions build on over a decade of trusted
research and leading-edge threat expertise from the company's Security
Consulting Services, CoreLabs and Engineering groups. Core Security can
be reached at +1 (617) 399-6980 or on the Web at:
http://www.coresecurity.com.


12. *Disclaimer*

    The contents of this advisory are copyright (c) 2014 Core Security
and (c) 2014 CoreLabs, and are licensed under a Creative Commons
Attribution Non-Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 (United States) License:
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/


13. *PGP/GPG Keys*


    This advisory has been signed with the GPG key of Core Security
advisories team, which is available for download at
http://www.coresecurity.com/files/attachments/core_security_advisories.asc.
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import requests
response = requests.get('https://www.nmmapper.com/api/exploitdetails/35357/?format=json')

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