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"Windows Kernel - Out-of-Bounds Read in nt!MiRelocateImage While Parsing Malformed PE File"

Author

Exploit author

"Google Security Research"

Platform

Exploit platform

windows

Release date

Exploit published date

2019-10-10

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We have encountered a Windows kernel crash in memcpy() called by nt!MiRelocateImage while trying to load a malformed PE image into the process address space as a data file (i.e. LoadLibraryEx(LOAD_LIBRARY_AS_DATAFILE | LOAD_LIBRARY_AS_IMAGE_RESOURCE)). An example crash log generated after triggering the bug is shown below:

--- cut ---
*** Fatal System Error: 0x00000050
                       (0xFFFFF8017519A200,0x0000000000000000,0xFFFFF801713CF660,0x0000000000000000)

A fatal system error has occurred.

[...]

*******************************************************************************
*                                                                             *
*                        Bugcheck Analysis                                    *
*                                                                             *
*******************************************************************************

PAGE_FAULT_IN_NONPAGED_AREA (50)
Invalid system memory was referenced.  This cannot be protected by try-except.
Typically the address is just plain bad or it is pointing at freed memory.
Arguments:
Arg1: fffff8017519a200, memory referenced.
Arg2: 0000000000000000, value 0 = read operation, 1 = write operation.
Arg3: fffff801713cf660, If non-zero, the instruction address which referenced the bad memory
	address.
Arg4: 0000000000000000, (reserved)

[...]

TRAP_FRAME:  ffffc50241846ba0 -- (.trap 0xffffc50241846ba0)
NOTE: The trap frame does not contain all registers.
Some register values may be zeroed or incorrect.
rax=ffffcf84d2228de0 rbx=0000000000000000 rcx=ffffcf84d2228fb8
rdx=0000287ca2f71248 rsi=0000000000000000 rdi=0000000000000000
rip=fffff801713cf660 rsp=ffffc50241846d38 rbp=ffffc50241846fb0
 r8=000000000000000c  r9=0000000000000001 r10=00000000ffffffff
r11=ffffcf84d2228fb8 r12=0000000000000000 r13=0000000000000000
r14=0000000000000000 r15=0000000000000000
iopl=0         nv up ei pl nz na pe cy
nt!memcpy+0x20:
fffff801`713cf660 488b0411        mov     rax,qword ptr [rcx+rdx] ds:fffff801`7519a200=????????????????
Resetting default scope

LAST_CONTROL_TRANSFER:  from fffff801714a6642 to fffff801713c46a0

STACK_TEXT:  
ffffc502`41846158 fffff801`714a6642 : fffff801`7519a200 00000000`00000003 ffffc502`418462c0 fffff801`71322be0 : nt!DbgBreakPointWithStatus
ffffc502`41846160 fffff801`714a5d32 : fffff801`00000003 ffffc502`418462c0 fffff801`713d0f60 00000000`00000050 : nt!KiBugCheckDebugBreak+0x12
ffffc502`418461c0 fffff801`713bca07 : ffffce67`3399cf80 fffff801`714d0110 00000000`00000000 fffff801`71663900 : nt!KeBugCheck2+0x952
ffffc502`418468c0 fffff801`713e0161 : 00000000`00000050 fffff801`7519a200 00000000`00000000 ffffc502`41846ba0 : nt!KeBugCheckEx+0x107
ffffc502`41846900 fffff801`7127aaef : 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 fffff801`7519a200 : nt!MiSystemFault+0x1d3171
ffffc502`41846a00 fffff801`713ca920 : ffffcf84`cb274000 fffff801`713c79e5 00000000`00000000 fffff801`751a0c00 : nt!MmAccessFault+0x34f
ffffc502`41846ba0 fffff801`713cf660 : fffff801`7188246d 00000000`6cc30000 ffffc502`41846fb0 ffffcf84`d2228d70 : nt!KiPageFault+0x360
ffffc502`41846d38 fffff801`7188246d : 00000000`6cc30000 ffffc502`41846fb0 ffffcf84`d2228d70 00000000`00000000 : nt!memcpy+0x20
ffffc502`41846d40 fffff801`717fc8a3 : ffffc502`41847180 ffffc502`41847180 ffffc502`41846fb0 ffffc502`41847180 : nt!MiRelocateImage+0x3dd
ffffc502`41846eb0 fffff801`717dca20 : ffff9d05`96f58160 ffffc502`41847180 ffffc502`41847180 ffff9d05`96f58130 : nt!MiCreateNewSection+0x5ef
ffffc502`41847010 fffff801`717dcd24 : ffffc502`41847040 ffffcf84`d24b8b00 ffff9d05`96f58160 00000000`00000000 : nt!MiCreateImageOrDataSection+0x2d0
ffffc502`41847100 fffff801`717dc37f : 00000000`11000000 ffffc502`418474c0 00000000`00000001 00000000`00000002 : nt!MiCreateSection+0xf4
ffffc502`41847280 fffff801`717dc110 : 00000000`0828cf48 00000000`00000005 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000001 : nt!MiCreateSectionCommon+0x1ff
ffffc502`41847360 fffff801`713ce115 : 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 : nt!NtCreateSection+0x60
ffffc502`418473d0 00007ffb`a3edc9a4 : 00007ffb`a1c71ae7 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000001 00000000`00000000 : nt!KiSystemServiceCopyEnd+0x25
00000000`0828ced8 00007ffb`a1c71ae7 : 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000001 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 : ntdll!NtCreateSection+0x14
00000000`0828cee0 00007ffb`a1c75640 : 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000022 : KERNELBASE!BasepLoadLibraryAsDataFileInternal+0x2e7
00000000`0828d110 00007ffb`a1c5c41d : 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 : KERNELBASE!LoadLibraryExW+0xe0
00000000`0828d180 00007ffb`a22603d1 : 00000000`055c1640 00000000`00000000 00006d1c`2a8cc01b 00007ffb`a29c643e : KERNELBASE!GetFileVersionInfoSizeExW+0x3d
00000000`0828d1e0 00007ffb`a226035c : 00000000`00002234 00007ffb`a29cdba3 00000000`00002234 00000000`00000000 : SHELL32!_LoadVersionInfo+0x39
00000000`0828d250 00007ffb`a155c1c1 : 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000000 00000000`00000020 00000000`40040000 : SHELL32!CVersionPropertyStore::Initialize+0x2c

[...]
--- cut ---

The issue reproduces on Windows 8.1, Windows 10 and their corresponding Server editions (32-bit and 64-bit, Special Pools not required). The crash occurs when any system component calls LoadLibraryEx(LOAD_LIBRARY_AS_DATAFILE | LOAD_LIBRARY_AS_IMAGE_RESOURCE) against the file, either directly or through another API such as GetFileVersionInfoSizeExW() or GetFileVersionInfoW(). In practice, this means that as soon as the file is displayed in Explorer, or the user hovers the cursor over it, or tries to open the file properties, or tries to rename it or perform any other similar action, the system will panic. In other words, just downloading such a file may permanently block the user's machine until they remove it through Recovery Mode etc. The attack scenario is similar to the one described in https://www.fortinet.com/blog/threat-research/microsoft-windows-remote-kernel-crash-vulnerability.html. Due to the nature of the bug (OOB read), it could be also potentially exploited as an information disclosure primitive.

We haven't managed to significantly minimize the test cases, but we determined that the crash is related to the invalid value of the Base Relocation Table directory address in the PE headers.

Attached is an archive with two proof-of-concept PE images and the corresponding original files used to generate them. Please be careful when unpacking the ZIP as Windows may crash immediately once it sees the corrupted files on disk.


Proof of Concept:
https://github.com/offensive-security/exploitdb-bin-sploits/raw/master/bin-sploits/47489.zip
Release DateTitleTypePlatformAuthor
2020-04-03"AIDA64 Engineer 6.20.5300 - 'Report File' filename Buffer Overflow (SEH)"localwindowsHodorsec
2020-04-03"Pandora FMS 7.0NG - 'net_tools.php' Remote Code Execution"webappsphp"Basim Alabdullah"
2020-04-02"DiskBoss 7.7.14 - 'Input Directory' Local Buffer Overflow (PoC)"localwindows"Paras Bhatia"
2020-04-01"DiskBoss 7.7.14 - Denial of Service (PoC)"doswindows"Paras Bhatia"
2020-04-01"10Strike LANState 9.32 - 'Force Check' Buffer Overflow (SEH)"localwindowsHodorsec
2020-03-31"Redis - Replication Code Execution (Metasploit)"remotelinuxMetasploit
2020-03-31"SharePoint Workflows - XOML Injection (Metasploit)"remotewindowsMetasploit
2020-03-31"Grandstream UCM6200 Series CTI Interface - 'user_password' SQL Injection"webappshardware"Jacob Baines"
2020-03-31"IBM TM1 / Planning Analytics - Unauthenticated Remote Code Execution (Metasploit)"remotemultipleMetasploit
2020-03-31"Grandstream UCM6200 Series WebSocket 1.0.20.20 - 'user_password' SQL Injection"webappshardware"Jacob Baines"
2020-03-31"FlashFXP 4.2.0 Build 1730 - Denial of Service (PoC)"doswindows"Paras Bhatia"
2020-03-31"DLINK DWL-2600 - Authenticated Remote Command Injection (Metasploit)"remotehardwareMetasploit
2020-03-30"Zen Load Balancer 3.10.1 - Remote Code Execution"webappscgi"Cody Sixteen"
2020-03-30"Microsoft Windows 10 (1903/1909) - 'SMBGhost' SMB3.1.1 'SMB2_COMPRESSION_CAPABILITIES' Local Privilege Escalation"localwindows"Daniel García Gutiérrez"
2020-03-30"Multiple DrayTek Products - Pre-authentication Remote Root Code Execution"remotelinux0xsha
2020-03-30"10-Strike Network Inventory Explorer 9.03 - 'Read from File' Buffer Overflow (SEH)(ROP)"localwindowsHodorsec
2020-03-30"Joomla! com_fabrik 3.9.11 - Directory Traversal"webappsphpqw3rTyTy
2020-03-30"Odin Secure FTP Expert 7.6.3 - 'Site Info' Denial of Service (PoC)"doswindows"Ivan Marmolejo"
2020-03-27"Jinfornet Jreport 15.6 - Unauthenticated Directory Traversal"webappsjavahongphukt
2020-03-27"rConfig 3.9.4 - 'searchField' Unauthenticated Root Remote Code Execution"webappsphpvikingfr
2020-03-27"Easy RM to MP3 Converter 2.7.3.700 - 'Input' Local Buffer Overflow (SEH)"localwindows"Felipe Winsnes"
2020-03-27"ECK Hotel 1.0 - Cross-Site Request Forgery (Add Admin)"webappsphp"Mustafa Emre Gül"
2020-03-27"Everest 5.50.2100 - 'Open File' Denial of Service (PoC)"doswindows"Ivan Marmolejo"
2020-03-26"TP-Link Archer C50 3 - Denial of Service (PoC)"webappshardwarethewhiteh4t
2020-03-26"Centreo 19.10.8 - 'DisplayServiceStatus' Remote Code Execution"webappsphp"Engin Demirbilek"
2020-03-25"10-Strike Network Inventory Explorer 8.54 - 'Add' Local Buffer Overflow (SEH)"localwindows"Felipe Winsnes"
2020-03-25"Joomla! Component GMapFP 3.30 - Arbitrary File Upload"webappsphpThelastVvV
2020-03-25"10-Strike Network Inventory Explorer - 'srvInventoryWebServer' Unquoted Service Path"localwindows"Felipe Winsnes"
2020-03-25"LeptonCMS 4.5.0 - Persistent Cross-Site Scripting"webappsphpSunCSR
2020-03-25"AVAST SecureLine 5.5.522.0 - 'SecureLine' Unquoted Service Path"localwindows"Roberto Piña"
Release DateTitleTypePlatformAuthor
2020-04-03"AIDA64 Engineer 6.20.5300 - 'Report File' filename Buffer Overflow (SEH)"localwindowsHodorsec
2020-04-02"DiskBoss 7.7.14 - 'Input Directory' Local Buffer Overflow (PoC)"localwindows"Paras Bhatia"
2020-04-01"10Strike LANState 9.32 - 'Force Check' Buffer Overflow (SEH)"localwindowsHodorsec
2020-04-01"DiskBoss 7.7.14 - Denial of Service (PoC)"doswindows"Paras Bhatia"
2020-03-31"FlashFXP 4.2.0 Build 1730 - Denial of Service (PoC)"doswindows"Paras Bhatia"
2020-03-31"SharePoint Workflows - XOML Injection (Metasploit)"remotewindowsMetasploit
2020-03-30"Odin Secure FTP Expert 7.6.3 - 'Site Info' Denial of Service (PoC)"doswindows"Ivan Marmolejo"
2020-03-30"10-Strike Network Inventory Explorer 9.03 - 'Read from File' Buffer Overflow (SEH)(ROP)"localwindowsHodorsec
2020-03-30"Microsoft Windows 10 (1903/1909) - 'SMBGhost' SMB3.1.1 'SMB2_COMPRESSION_CAPABILITIES' Local Privilege Escalation"localwindows"Daniel García Gutiérrez"
2020-03-27"Easy RM to MP3 Converter 2.7.3.700 - 'Input' Local Buffer Overflow (SEH)"localwindows"Felipe Winsnes"
2020-03-27"Everest 5.50.2100 - 'Open File' Denial of Service (PoC)"doswindows"Ivan Marmolejo"
2020-03-25"10-Strike Network Inventory Explorer 8.54 - 'Add' Local Buffer Overflow (SEH)"localwindows"Felipe Winsnes"
2020-03-25"AVAST SecureLine 5.5.522.0 - 'SecureLine' Unquoted Service Path"localwindows"Roberto Piña"
2020-03-25"10-Strike Network Inventory Explorer - 'srvInventoryWebServer' Unquoted Service Path"localwindows"Felipe Winsnes"
2020-03-24"Veyon 4.3.4 - 'VeyonService' Unquoted Service Path"localwindows"Víctor García"
2020-03-23"Google Chrome 80.0.3987.87 - Heap-Corruption Remote Denial of Service (PoC)"doswindows"Cem Onat Karagun"
2020-03-18"NetBackup 7.0 - 'NetBackup INET Daemon' Unquoted Service Path"localwindows"El Masas"
2020-03-14"Microsoft Windows 10 (1903/1909) - 'SMBGhost' SMB3.1.1 'SMB2_COMPRESSION_CAPABILITIES' Buffer Overflow (PoC)"doswindowseerykitty
2020-03-13"AnyBurn 4.8 - Buffer Overflow (SEH)"localwindows"Richard Davy"
2020-03-12"ASUS AAHM 1.00.22 - 'asHmComSvc' Unquoted Service Path"localwindows"Roberto Piña"
2020-03-11"ASUS AXSP 1.02.00 - 'asComSvc' Unquoted Service Path"localwindows"Roberto Piña"
2020-03-09"Apache ActiveMQ 5.x-5.11.1 - Directory Traversal Shell Upload (Metasploit)"remotewindowsMetasploit
2020-03-06"SpyHunter 4 - 'SpyHunter 4 Service' Unquoted Service Path"localwindows"Alejandro Reyes"
2020-03-06"ASUS GiftBox Desktop 1.1.1.127 - 'ASUSGiftBoxDesktop' Unquoted Service Path"localwindows"Oscar Flores"
2020-03-06"Iskysoft Application Framework Service 2.4.3.241 - 'IsAppService' Unquoted Service Path"localwindows"Alejandro Reyes"
2020-03-06"Deep Instinct Windows Agent 1.2.29.0 - 'DeepMgmtService' Unquoted Service Path"localwindows"Oscar Flores"
2020-03-05"Exchange Control Panel - Viewstate Deserialization (Metasploit)"remotewindowsMetasploit
2020-03-03"Microsoft Windows - 'WizardOpium' Local Privilege Escalation"localwindowspiotrflorczyk
2020-03-02"Microsoft Exchange 2019 15.2.221.12 - Authenticated Remote Code Execution"remotewindowsPhotubias
2020-03-02"CA Unified Infrastructure Management Nimsoft 7.80 - Remote Buffer Overflow"remotewindowswetw0rk
Release DateTitleTypePlatformAuthor
2020-02-10"usersctp - Out-of-Bounds Reads in sctp_load_addresses_from_init"doslinux"Google Security Research"
2020-02-10"iOS/macOS - Out-of-Bounds Timestamp Write in IOAccelCommandQueue2::processSegmentKernelCommand()"dosmultiple"Google Security Research"
2020-01-28"macOS/iOS ImageIO - Heap Corruption when Processing Malformed TIFF Image"dosmultiple"Google Security Research"
2020-01-14"Android - ashmem Readonly Bypasses via remap_file_pages() and ASHMEM_UNPIN"dosandroid"Google Security Research"
2020-01-14"WeChat - Memory Corruption in CAudioJBM::InputAudioFrameToJBM"dosandroid"Google Security Research"
2019-12-18"macOS 10.14.6 (18G87) - Kernel Use-After-Free due to Race Condition in wait_for_namespace_event()"dosmacos"Google Security Research"
2019-12-16"Linux 5.3 - Privilege Escalation via io_uring Offload of sendmsg() onto Kernel Thread with Kernel Creds"locallinux"Google Security Research"
2019-12-11"Adobe Acrobat Reader DC - Heap-Based Memory Corruption due to Malformed TTF Font"doswindows"Google Security Research"
2019-11-22"Internet Explorer - Use-After-Free in JScript Arguments During toJSON Callback"doswindows"Google Security Research"
2019-11-22"macOS 10.14.6 - root->kernel Privilege Escalation via update_dyld_shared_cache"localmacos"Google Security Research"
2019-11-20"iOS 12.4 - Sandbox Escape due to Integer Overflow in mediaserverd"dosios"Google Security Research"
2019-11-20"Ubuntu 19.10 - Refcount Underflow and Type Confusion in shiftfs"doslinux"Google Security Research"
2019-11-20"Ubuntu 19.10 - ubuntu-aufs-modified mmap_region() Breaks Refcounting in overlayfs/shiftfs Error Path"doslinux"Google Security Research"
2019-11-11"iMessage - Decoding NSSharedKeyDictionary can read ObjC Object at Attacker Controlled Address"dosmultiple"Google Security Research"
2019-11-11"Adobe Acrobat Reader DC for Windows - Use of Uninitialized Pointer due to Malformed OTF Font (CFF Table)"doswindows"Google Security Research"
2019-11-11"Adobe Acrobat Reader DC for Windows - Use of Uninitialized Pointer due to Malformed JBIG2Globals Stream"doswindows"Google Security Research"
2019-11-05"WebKit - Universal XSS in JSObject::putInlineSlow and JSValue::putToPrimitive"dosmultiple"Google Security Research"
2019-11-05"macOS XNU - Missing Locking in checkdirs_callback() Enables Race with fchdir_common()"dosmacos"Google Security Research"
2019-11-05"JavaScriptCore - Type Confusion During Bailout when Reconstructing Arguments Objects"dosmultiple"Google Security Research"
2019-10-30"JavaScriptCore - GetterSetter Type Confusion During DFG Compilation"dosmultiple"Google Security Research"
2019-10-28"WebKit - Universal XSS in HTMLFrameElementBase::isURLAllowed"dosmultiple"Google Security Research"
2019-10-21"Adobe Acrobat Reader DC for Windows - Heap-Based Buffer Overflow due to Malformed JP2 Stream (2)"doswindows"Google Security Research"
2019-10-10"Windows Kernel - NULL Pointer Dereference in nt!MiOffsetToProtos While Parsing Malformed PE File"doswindows"Google Security Research"
2019-10-10"Windows Kernel - Out-of-Bounds Read in CI!CipFixImageType While Parsing Malformed PE File"doswindows"Google Security Research"
2019-10-10"Windows Kernel - Out-of-Bounds Read in CI!HashKComputeFirstPageHash While Parsing Malformed PE File"doswindows"Google Security Research"
2019-10-10"Windows Kernel - win32k.sys TTF Font Processing Pool Corruption in win32k!ulClearTypeFilter"doswindows"Google Security Research"
2019-10-10"Windows Kernel - Out-of-Bounds Read in nt!MiParseImageLoadConfig While Parsing Malformed PE File"doswindows"Google Security Research"
2019-10-10"Windows Kernel - Out-of-Bounds Read in nt!MiRelocateImage While Parsing Malformed PE File"doswindows"Google Security Research"
2019-10-09"XNU - Remote Double-Free via Data Race in IPComp Input Path"dosmacos"Google Security Research"
2019-10-04"Android - Binder Driver Use-After-Free"localandroid"Google Security Research"
import requests
response = requests.get('https://www.nmmapper.com/api/exploitdetails/47489/?format=json')

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